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Export Control Laws and Trade Sanctions
Export control laws are a complex set of federal regulations designed to protect U.S. national security; to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; to further U.S. foreign policy including the support of international agreements, human rights and regional stability; and to maintain U.S. economic competitiveness. Export control laws govern how information, technologies, and commodities can be transmitted overseas to anyone, including U.S. citizens, or to foreign nationals in the U.S.
Atmospheric research is subject to export control laws including the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), implemented by the U.S. Department of State, and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), implemented by the U.S. Department of Commerce. The Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC), which is part of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, is responsible for administering and enforcing economic and trade sanctions against certain nations, entities, and individuals. Export control laws may apply to research activities at UCAR facilities, to the temporary export of controlled UCAR owned equipment including laptop computers containing controlled software or technical data, and to the shipment of research materials to foreign collaborators. Failure to comply with export control laws can result in severe consequences for UCAR/NCAR/UCP as well as the individual researchers, including fines of up to $1 million per violation, up to 20 years imprisonment, and debarment from future exporting activities.
Even though most research conducted on UCAR facilities will not be subject to export control restrictions, it is important for researchers to be aware of UCAR’s policy, procedures and guidance with regard to compliance with export control laws and regulations. A number of resources are available to help researchers and administrators become more aware of the issues surrounding Export Controls and to assist them in determining when the regulations are applicable. If you think you need to apply for a license or if you think you need to document the use of an exception, please contact your Export Compliance Coordinator or the Export Compliance Manager at email@example.com, extension 8898.
For a more detailed understanding of exports, please see UCAR's Export Policy and Procedures, UCAR's Export Compliance Manual, and the UCAR Export FAQ page or feel free to contact any of the UCAR Export Contacts.